Pivnick, Lilla K. (2018). Role strain, personal control, and depressive symptomology among men and women in care work occupations. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Care work occupations—e.g. teachers and health care workers—are highly feminized and female-dominated professions. Men in care work occupations—who make up twenty-five percent of all care workers—may experience role strain between their traditional gender roles and occupational roles that may translate into poor psychological outcomes for this population. This study utilizes data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health and both role strain theory and the job demand-control model of occupational stress to consider whether being in a care work occupation is associated with having higher depressive symptomatology for men and women and whether personal control in the form of job autonomy mediates the relationship between care workers and depressive symptomatology separately for both men and women. Results from this study shed light on men’s experiences in care work occupations and how occupational stress in these professions may manifest differently by gender through a mechanism of personal control.
care work occupations gender role strain theory personal control depression
Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America
Gender and population health across structural contexts
Pivnick, Lilla K.
City of Publication