CitationRaposa, E. B.; Erickson, L. D.; Hagler, M.; & Rhodes, J. E. (2018). How economic disadvantage affects the availability and nature of mentoring relationships during the transition to adulthood. American Journal of Community Psychology. vol. 61 (1-2) pp. 191-203
AbstractSupportive nonparental adults, particularly nonfamilial adults, provide critical support during the transition to adulthood, opening doors to educational and career paths. This study examined whether economic disadvantage shapes access to these relationships. Results showed that low-income adolescents had reduced access to naturally occurring mentors, and the relationships they did form tended to be close bonds with family and friends, rather than nonfamilial adults. Their mentors were more likely to focus on practical support, and less likely to serve as role models or provide career advice. These effects of socioeconomic status on natural mentoring relationships remained evident, even when accounting for youth race/ethnicity. Findings suggest that networks of support differ depending on a youth's socioeconomic context in ways that could perpetuate social and economic inequalities.
Keyword(s)Add Health Longitudinal Mentoring Poverty
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Author(s)Raposa, E. B.
Erickson, L. D.
Rhodes, J. E.