Schulenberg, Cassandra (2015). Parental Work Hours and Adolescent Psychological Well-Being: The Mediating Effects of Parent-Child Activities and Parental Satisfaction.
As psychological well-being is an important aspect of adolescent life, the goal of my study was to analyze and understand what direct and indirect effects parental work hours has on internalizing (depression, psychological distress, self-esteem) and externalizing (substance use, violence, delinquency) behaviors among adolescent. Using data from The National Study of Adolescent to Adult Health ( Add Health ), I ran multiple regression analyses to understand how parental work hours (household combined, mother works more, father works more, equal hours) directly and indirectly effected adolescent psychological well-being through parent-child activities and parental satisfaction. I found that although there was a direct effect between household work hours and adolescent substance use, few other parental work hours directly predicted psychological well-being. Instead, my results support a greater direct effect on adolescent psychological well-being from engaging in activities with a parent and being satisfied with the relationship an adolescent has with their parents. My findings indicate that parents and educators should focus on improving the parent-adolescent relationship and the quality of interactions.
Social sciences Psychology Adolescents Employment hours Psychological well-being Occupational psychology Personality psychology Sociology Individual & family studies 0625:Personality psychology 0628:Individual & family studies 0624:Occupational psycholo
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