Racial identity and education in social networks

Citation

Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves (2016). Racial identity and education in social networks. Social Networks. vol. 44 pp. 85-94

Abstract

We investigate identity issues to explain differences in school performance between students of different races. Using a unique dataset of friendship relationships between students in the US, we show that friendship formation can be taken as a measure of racial identity. We then find that having a higher percentage of same-race friends is associated with higher test scores for white teenagers and with lower test scores for blacks. However, the higher is the education level of a black teenager's parents, the lower is this negative association, while for whites, it is the reverse. It is thus the combination of choice of friends and parents’ education that seems to be an important factor in shaping differences in school performance between students of different races but also between students of the same race.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.socnet.2015.06.001

Keyword(s)

Minorities School performance Oppositional identities

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Networks

Author(s)

Patacchini, Eleonora
Zenou, Yves

Year Published

2016

Volume Number

44

Pages

85-94

Edition

August 24, 2015

DOI

10.1016/j.socnet.2015.06.001

Reference ID

9129