Violent victimisation trajectories from adolescence through adulthood: consequences for sleep problems


Testa, Alexander; Semenza, Daniel C.; & Jackson, Dylan B. (2021). Violent victimisation trajectories from adolescence through adulthood: consequences for sleep problems. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.


Background Violent victimisation is a stressful experience that has been linked with sleep problems among children, adolescents and adults. However, prior research has not assessed how victimisation trajectories across different stages of the life-course correspond to sleep outcomes. The present study assesses how trajectories of violent victimisation from adolescence to middle adulthood correspond to sleep behaviours in adulthood. Methods Data are from fives waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N=6015). Semi-parametric group-based trajectory modelling was used to estimate violent victimisation trajectories from adolescence to middle adulthood. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the association between sleep quantity and quality across violent victimisation trajectories. Results The findings demonstrate that the relationship between violent victimisation and sleep in adulthood is not consistent across all victimisation trajectories. Rather, sleep quality and quantity are the worst among those who persistently experience violent victimisation from adolescence through adulthood. Conclusion Persistent exposure to violence can be a particularly damaging experience with consequences for sleep quantity and quality. Establishing interventions that reduce violent victimisation across the life-course and promote positive sleep behaviours among those with a history of victimisation are important public health measures. Data may be obtained from a third party and are not publicly available. Data are available at Authors will make all code and replication material available upon request.




Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health


Testa, Alexander
Semenza, Daniel C.
Jackson, Dylan B.

Year Published




Reference ID