CitationTong, Bingjie; Devendorf, Andrew; Panaite, Vanessa; Miller, Rose; Kashdan, Todd B.; Joiner, Thomas; Twenge, Jean; Karver, Marc; Janakiraman, Roshni; & Rottenberg, Jonathan (2021). Future Well-Being Among United States Youth Who Attempted Suicide and Survived. Behavior Therapy. , PMCID: PMC9046683
AbstractTo what extent does a suicide attempt impair a person’s future well-being? We estimated the prevalence of future well-being (FWB) among suicide attempt survivors using a nationally representative sample of 15,170 youths. Suicide attempt survivors were classified as having high FWB if they reported 1) a suicide attempt at Wave I; 2) no suicidal ideation or attempts over the past year at Wave III (seven years after); 3) a well-being profile at or above the top quartile of non-suicidal peers. 75 of 574 suicide attempt survivors (∼ 13%) met criteria for FWB at Wave III, compared to 26% of non-suicidal peers. Wave I well-being levels, not depressive symptoms, predicted the likelihood of FWB at Wave III (OR = 1.23; 95% CI: 1.05-1.44; p < 0.05). In conclusion, a non-fatal suicide attempt reduced but did not preclude FWB in a large national sample. The observation that a segment of the population of suicide attempt survivors achieves FWB carries implications for the prognosis of suicidal behavior and the value of incorporating well-being into investigations of suicide-related phenomena.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleBehavior Therapy
Kashdan, Todd B.