Food insecurity risk and alcohol use disorder in US young adults: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health

Citation

Nagata, J. M.; Whittle, H. J.; Ganson, K. T.; Tabler, J.; Hahn, J. A.; & Weiser, S. D. (2021). Food insecurity risk and alcohol use disorder in US young adults: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Am J Addict. vol. 30 (6) pp. 601-608 , PMCID: PMC8635415

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between food insecurity and alcohol use disorder remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the association between food insecurity risk and alcohol use disorder in a nationally representative sample of young adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional nationally representative data of 14,786 US young adults aged 24-32 years old from Wave IV (2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health were analyzed to assess a single-item measure of food insecurity risk and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th Edition (DSM-5) alcohol use disorder. RESULTS: Among young adults, 12% were found to be at risk for food insecurity. Young adults with food insecurity risk had greater odds of moderate (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.34, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-1.58) and severe (AOR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.34-2.07) threshold alcohol use disorder than food-secure young adults, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, receipt of public assistance, household size, and smoking. Food insecurity risk was also associated with a 23% higher (95% CI: 11%-37%) number of problematic alcohol use behaviors (e.g., risky behaviors, continued alcohol use despite emotional or physical health problems). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Food insecurity risk is associated with problematic patterns of alcohol use. Health care providers should screen for food insecurity and problematic alcohol use in young adults and provide referrals for further resources and treatment when appropriate. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This nationally representative study of US young adults is the first to find an association between food insecurity risk and alcohol use disorder using DSM-5 criteria.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.13218

Keyword(s)

Adolescent

Notes

1521-0391

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Am J Addict

Author(s)

Nagata, J. M.
Whittle, H. J.
Ganson, K. T.
Tabler, J.
Hahn, J. A.
Weiser, S. D.

Year Published

2021

Volume Number

30

Issue Number

6

Pages

601-608

Edition

2021/08/31

ISSN/ISBN

1055-0496 (Print)

DOI

10.1111/ajad.13218

PMCID

PMC8635415

NIHMSID

NIHMS1733264 alone are responsible for the content and writing of this paper.

Reference ID

9504