The claim that personality is more important than intelligence in predicting important life outcomes has been greatly exaggerated

Citation

Zisman, C. & Ganzach, Y. (2022). The claim that personality is more important than intelligence in predicting important life outcomes has been greatly exaggerated. Intelligence. vol. 92

Abstract

We conduct a replication of Borghans, Golsteyn, Heckman and Humphries (PNAS, 2016) who suggested that personality is more important than intelligence in predicting important life outcomes. We focus on the prediction of educational (educational attainment, GPA) and occupational (pay) success, and analyze two of the databases that BGHH used (the NLSY79, n = 5594 and the MIDUS, n = 2240) as well as four additional databases, (the NLSY97, n = 2962, the WLS, n = 7646, the PIAAC, n = 3605 and the ADD health, n = 3553; all databases are American except of the PIAAC which is German). We found that for educational attainment the average R2 of intelligence was .232 whereas for personality it was .053. For GPA it was .229 and .024, respectively and for pay it was .080 and .040, respectively. © 2022 Elsevier Inc.

URL

https://doi.og/10.1016/j.intell.2022.101631

Keyword(s)

Educational attainment

Notes

Export Date: 19 April 2022; Cited By: 0; Correspondence Address: Y. Ganzach; Ariel University and the Academic College of Tel-Aviv Yaffo, Israel; email: yoavgn@post.tau.ac.il; CODEN: NTLLD

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Intelligence

Author(s)

Zisman, C.
Ganzach, Y.

Year Published

2022

Volume Number

92

DOI

10.1016/j.intell.2022.101631

Reference ID

9670