Estimating the Long-Term Causal Effects of Attending Historically Black Colleges or Universities on Depressive Symptoms

Citation

Thyden, N. H.; McGuire, C.; Slaughter-Acey, J.; Widome, R.; Warren, J. R.; & Osypuk, T. L. (2022). Estimating the Long-Term Causal Effects of Attending Historically Black Colleges or Universities on Depressive Symptoms. Am J Epidemiol.

Abstract

Racism is embedded in society, and higher education is an important structure for patterning economic and health outcomes. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were founded on anti-racism while predominantly white institutions (PWIs) were often founded on white supremacy. This contrast provides an opportunity to study the association between structural racism and health among Black Americans. We used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to estimate the long-term causal effect of attending an HBCU (vs. PWI) on depressive symptoms among Black students in the United States from 1994-2018. While we found no overall association with attending an HBCU (vs. PWI) on depressive symptoms, we found that this association varied by baseline mental health and region, and across time. For example, among those who attended high school outside of the South, HBCU attendance was protective against depressive symptoms 7 years later, and the association was strongest for those with higher baseline depressive symptoms. We recommend equitable state and federal funding for HBCUs, and that PWIs implement and evaluate antiracist policies to improve mental health of Black students.

URL

https://watermark.silverchair.com/kwac199.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAxAwggMMBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggL9MIIC-QIBADCCAvIGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMFOmbA_DfgYVU2tLvAgEQgIICw8Sy7UTVjx26uoPpTjiumJ4ZPg1cs4LRo54PTrvqH9h9v9dhBqnpsBo3WjYZTagNEGj3SVQ5VKo04H_MmdVe4SXD1FdNv44E4Uf-0xwjtYVAlhWTt9ivP4Q4F3ir4GO_6nUA-zFFLx4JVPXP8hzpZLb0IaOR-HiSsIPLpnLC9Z5Hx8-clTySI8ZjfzrWDW5qN-A2KCiTjC5yI2Dc2E2kVWtxOXSX5PCC1boPqFw6BQmd7st_7chMfp1DOkOOkIhkteMKaclLs3q6f0jjWhSL1arco6xasEC4dWkVQMnl6HBTu2n9GZZrSjI58pNNzsW9Qk7XmHYJmdZtka85QXNQFncKyvRca0A9SwKINVMHNdZzrCNKW1MbdPgMITdTn7Yr_2G5D09HfK2iI5u9RIav4h8GcZeyfsgCbrqHXZPzgYDdVf40o6GJlsP-FX6O1qT6rvm_PNjCVyjv8u-TziOHnBpsaSUEcfPi9onetEXj3rdGBQeLo-A7C21qTOqENQSTOlzjvAmp5axaRuQu-0Bd5r-iHBKYzrEhGw8giX-LnC7F0VwA6Tq6fU9EuGl7K2y0rkC7Kc4qhyVQBTpEH7tXDQPiED-ZoHyW7G7CgPFYqSsx7K5fDNUw3mI7dgjMxplQ2k-K_FDVuW139cg9bXM0Ut_h7fsey7uEiL9tDZCqNqcMXOhzxF1ke6qubmEAQ-N-3jGWH9W6OcMIJLURXY5SoztJ-LYVy6CihKZdrhQ3dP5iHoguVYel86O-1CrrviOYB0ksm-pgqPmziW2ldDlSlJTWbK06ZXIJH-OGDX1F-_kkwYJq0BMvtO9HmkrtrgX2lMIPXZM5SBu_sJCw5nKjRuquAQ0lk33R5gk4Slw880UIhV2Du30AQDe_BapoRHCuaoNyu04-K2WeGp7ByUGkIvUqfqUaZDGkI47iVsrOqHV5kt4e

Keyword(s)

Add Health

Notes

1476-6256

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Am J Epidemiol

Author(s)

Thyden, N. H.
McGuire, C.
Slaughter-Acey, J.
Widome, R.
Warren, J. R.
Osypuk, T. L.

Year Published

2022

Edition

2022/11/05

DOI

10.1093/aje/kwac199

Reference ID

9821