CitationWickrama, K. A. S.; Lee, T. K.; & O'Neal, C. W. (2022). Explaining Physical Health Disparities and Inequalities Over the First Half of the Life Course: An Integrative Review of Add Health Studies. Journal of Adolescent Health. vol. 71 (6)
AbstractThis integrative review of research utilizing the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health draws on previous research detailing pathways linking early socioeconomic adversity in childhood and adolescence (Wave 1 in 1995 and prior) to physical health outcomes in young adulthood (Wave 5 in 2015). Health outcomes considered included specific diseases, disease risk, and morbidity as prospectively measured by parent-reported and self-reported health outcomes as well as clinical biomarkers. A heuristic research framework was developed from the comprehensive review focused on 4 study designs and identifying total associations, physiological pathways, stress pathways, and resources pathways linking early socioeconomic adversity to physical health outcomes for young adults, as well as potential modifiers of these pathways. The appropriateness of different analytical strategies used in these research studies including approaches for analysis of change in health are discussed. Taken together, review findings suggest the merit of an integrated perspective taking a long view over early life course to explain cumulative physical health risk over the first half of the life course by assessing multiple pathways simultaneously. Looking forward, the review findings also emphasize the need for the investigation of the continuity and change in these pathways over the second half of the life course.
NotesExport Date: 06 December 2022; Cited By: 2
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of Adolescent Health
Author(s)Wickrama, K. A. S.
Lee, T. K.
O'Neal, C. W.