CitationAllgood, K. L.; Fleischer, N. L.; Morenoff, J.; Assari, S.; & Needham, B. L. (2023). Do Police Encounters Increase the Risk for Cardiovascular Disease? Police Encounters and Framingham 30-Year Cardiovascular Risk Score. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.
AbstractIntroduction: Despite increased attention to the societal consequences of aggressive policing, the focus on rarer instances of deaths/severe injuries fails to fully capture the day-to-day experiences that racially minoritized groups face during police encounters (PEs). We explored differential vulnerability by race/ethnicity in the relationship between PEs and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Methods: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we regressed the Framingham 30-Year CVD risk score on a high number of lifetime PEs (6 + among men and 2 + among women). To explore differential vulnerability by race, we added an interaction between PEs and race/ethnicity. We also examined sex- and race and sex-stratified models. Results: We observed no association between PEs and CVD risk in the sample overall, but the interaction between PEs and race/ethnicity was statistically significant. In race stratified models, we found that higher PEs were associated with a lower CVD risk among Black respondents, whereas among White respondents there was no relationship. In the sex-stratified analysis, reporting higher PEs was associated with lower CVD risk among men, while among women there was no relationship. In sex- and race-stratified models, higher PEs was associated with lower CVD risk among Black men and higher CVD risk among White women, while there was no association among Black women and White men. Conclusion: The association between PEs and CVD risk depends on race/ethnicity and sex. More work is needed to understand the counterintuitive finding that high PEs are associated with lower CVD risk among Black men. © 2023, W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute.
NotesExport Date: 21 February 2023; Cited By: 0; Correspondence Address: K.L. Allgood; Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1415 Washington Heights, 2649A, SPH Tower, 48109, United States; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Author(s)Allgood, K. L.
Fleischer, N. L.
Needham, B. L.