CitationLiu, H. & Clark, B. (2023). Socioeconomic factors in the age-graded effect of incarceration on depressive symptoms in early adulthood. Soc Sci Res. vol. 111 pp. 102871
AbstractBased on insights from the stress process and life-course paradigms, this study investigates the effect of incarceration on depressive symptoms during early adulthood (ages 18-40). We employed fixed-effects dynamic panel models that adjust for confounding effects due to unobserved time-invariant variables and reverse causality using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (N = 11, 811). Our analysis shows that the effect of incarceration on depressive symptoms is greater when incarceration occurs after individuals have established a stable adult status (ages 32-40) as compared to incarceration that occurs at earlier stages of adulthood (ages 18-24 and ages 25-31). The age-graded effect of incarceration on depressive symptoms is partially attributable to time-varying effects of incarceration on socioeconomic factors, such as employment status and income. All these findings contribute to our understanding of the mental health consequences of incarceration.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleSoc Sci Res