Moffitt’s Developmental Taxonomy and Gang Membership: An Alternative Test of the Snares Hypothesis

Citation

Petkovsek, Melissa; A; Boutwell, Brian; B; Barnes, J.; C; Beaver, Kevin; & M (2015). Moffitt’s Developmental Taxonomy and Gang Membership: An Alternative Test of the Snares Hypothesis. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. vol. 14 (4) pp. 335-349

Abstract

Moffitt's taxonomy remains an influential theoretical framework within criminology. Despite much empirical scrutiny, comparatively less time has been spent testing the snares component of Moffitt?s work. Specifically, are there factors that might engender continued criminal involvement for individuals otherwise likely to desist? The current study tested whether gang membership increased the odds of contact with the justice system for each of the offender groups specified in Moffitt's original developmental taxonomy. Our findings provided little evidence that gang membership increased the odds of either adolescence-limited or life-course persistent offenders being processed through the criminal justice system. Moving forward, scholars may wish to shift attention to alternative variables -beyond gang membership - when testing the snares hypothesis.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F1541204015581389

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice

Author(s)

Petkovsek, Melissa
A
Boutwell, Brian
B
Barnes, J.
C
Beaver, Kevin
M

Year Published

2015

Volume Number

14

Issue Number

4

Pages

335-349

ISSN/ISBN

1541-2040

DOI

10.1177/1541204015581389

Reference ID

8999