Oi, Katsuya (2023). Widening, Narrowing, and Persistence of Socioeconomic Gaps Between Sexual Minorities and Heterosexuals Across Adulthood. Journal of Homosexuality.
vol. 70 (13) pp. 3213-3246
In socioeconomic attainment, same-sex sexuality (SSS) matters, as well as whether SSS is experienced in adolescence (early) or not until later in adulthood (late). Using data from 8912 participants of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, sexual minorities are identified as the early or late groups. Multilevel regression models were used to compare their income, occupational status, and education separately against heterosexuals, based on repeated measures taken in their 20s, 30s, and 40s. This study found a significant lag in high-school graduation compared to a subgroup of men in the early group that did not express same-sex sexuality in adulthood. Independently, "gay penalty" in income emerged for the late group as they entered their 30s, and persisted into their 40s. No socioeconomic gaps were observed for the women. To serve equity goals for all sexualities, closer attention needs to be given to those with an evolving history of same-sex sexuality.
Journal of Homosexuality
November 10, 2023