CitationWatkins, Adam M. & Carson, Dena C. (2021). Gang membership, gender, and sexual behavior in and outside a romantic relationship. Sociological Spectrum. pp. 1-20 , PMCID: PMC8439159
AbstractPrior research consistently finds that gang youth, compared to nongang youth, are more involved in risky behaviors such as violence and drug sales. Less attention has been given to comparisons in sexual behavior. While research demonstrates that gang membership is associated with risky sex and many gang members indicate that sex is a motivation for joining a gang, prior research is limited in its ability to account for self-selection into a gang, variations in involvement across gender, and different forms of sexual activity. This research addresses these limitations by using Add Health data and propensity score matching to examine the relationship between gang membership and sexual behavior inside and out of a romantic relationship as well as how this relationship differs by gender. While findings indicate that gang membership increases the likelihood of sexual intercourse, nonromantic sex, and the number of nonromantic sex partners, no unique gender differences were identified.
Keyword(s)propensity score methods
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleSociological Spectrum
Author(s)Watkins, Adam M.
Carson, Dena C.