The Impact of Parental Incarceration on Sport Participation Trajectories from Adolescence to Young Adulthood

Citation

Park, J. W.; Hwang, J.; Lee, C. G.; Kim, H.; & Ahn, H. (2020). The Impact of Parental Incarceration on Sport Participation Trajectories from Adolescence to Young Adulthood. International journal of environmental research and public health. vol. 17 (14)

Abstract

Given the potential negative effects of parental incarceration on millions of people, it is critical to examine the possible short- and long-term effects of parental incarceration on individuals. This study examines the effect of parental incarceration on the sports participation trajectories of children ranging from adolescence to young adulthood. Group-based trajectory models were set up using SAS analytics software to examine how parental incarceration affects the sports participation trajectories of children from adolescence to young adulthood. Data were drawn from the first four waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States (N = 6504). Neither paternal nor maternal incarceration had any significant effect on the trajectories of male participants. On the other hand, females who experienced father incarceration were more likely to be in the low-stable versus high-decreasing group (coefficient = -0.721, p < 0.05). Based on the results of this study, we conclude that programs promoting sports participation are needed for females who have experienced paternal incarceration. The results of this study also suggest that group-based trajectory modeling is a useful technique to examine the trajectories of sports participation from adolescence through to young adulthood.

URL

https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145229

Keyword(s)

sport participation

Notes

1660-4601 Park, Ji-Won Hwang, Jongnam Lee, Chung Gun

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

International journal of environmental research and public health

Author(s)

Park, J. W.
Hwang, J.
Lee, C. G.
Kim, H.
Ahn, H.

Year Published

2020

Volume Number

17

Issue Number

14

ISSN/ISBN

1660-4601

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17145229

Reference ID

5958