Citationde Saxe Zerden, Lisa; Wu, Shiyou; Wu, Qi; & Fraser, Mark (2019). Welfare participation in childhood as a predictor of cigarette use in adulthood in the United States. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research.
AbstractObjective: Smoking is widely acknowledged as a high-risk behavior associated with poor physical health outcomes. We use Add Health Wave I and Wave IV data (N = 15,701) to explore whether childhood welfare participation predicts smoking behaviors in adulthood. Method: We conducted propensity score matching and dosage analysis of welfare participation to explore whether childhood welfare participation had different effects on smoking behaviors in adulthood. We used 3 approaches for dealing with the survey weight and propensity score weights for post-matching regression analyses. Results: Adults who as children lived in families that participated in welfare programs were more likely to smoke when compared to young adults whose families did not participate in welfare programs. Being from a smoking household, having smoked before adulthood, having peer smokers, and race/ethnicity increased the risk for smoking. Protective factors associated with decreased smoking behaviors included being female, higher parental education, and being older. Conclusions: Risk related to cigarette use in adulthood varies based on welfare dosage in childhood. The development and implementation of interventions specific to subpopulations among welfare recipient families may make programs more effective.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleJournal of the Society for Social Work and Research
Author(s)de Saxe Zerden, Lisa