Downward income mobility among individuals with poor initial health is linked with higher cardiometabolic risk

Citation

Bulczak, Grzegorz & Gugushvili, Alexi (2022). Downward income mobility among individuals with poor initial health is linked with higher cardiometabolic risk. PNAS Nexus. vol. 1 (1)

Abstract

The effects of socioeconomic position (SEP) across life course accumulate and produce visible health inequalities between different socioeconomic groups. Yet, it is not well-understood how the experience of intergenerational income mobility between origin and destination SEP, per se, affects health outcomes. We use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health collected in the United States with the outcome measure of cardiometabolic risk (CMR) constructed from data on LDL Cholesterol, Glucose MG/DL, C-reactive protein, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and resting heart rate. Intergenerational income mobility is estimated as the difference between Waves 1 and 5 income quintiles. Diagonal reference models are used to test if intergenerational income mobility, net of origin and destination income quintile effects, is associated with CMR. We find that individuals in the lowest and the highest income quintiles have, respectively, the highest and the lowest CMR; both origin and destination income quintiles are equally important; there are no significant overall income mobility effects for different gender and race/ethnicity groups, but downward income mobility has negative health implications for individuals with poor initial health. We conclude that downward income mobility can increase inequalities in CMR in the United States by worsening the health of those who had poor health before their mobility experiences.

URL

http://doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgac012

Keyword(s)

income mobility cardiometabolic risk

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

PNAS Nexus

Author(s)

Bulczak, Grzegorz
Gugushvili, Alexi

Year Published

2022

Volume Number

1

Issue Number

1

ISSN/ISBN

2752-6542

DOI

10.1093/pnasnexus/pgac012

Reference ID

9671